7 Web TECNALIATECNALIA Research & Innovation  is a private, independent, non-profit applied research centre of international excellence. Legally a Foundation, TECNALIA is the leading private and independent research and technology organisation in Spain and one of the largest in Europe. Committed to generate major impacts in economic terms, by means of innovation and technological development addressed by 7 business divisions, TECNALIA activities covers the economic sectors of Energy, Industry, Transportation, Construction, Health and ICT. TECNALIA is a key agent in the ERA – European Research Area and actively participates in the governing bodies of several European Technology Platforms and European projects (FP7 and H2020).


The Division of Industry and Transport from TECNALIA focuses its activities on the technologies of materials, their processes (e.g. design, manufacture, transformation or finishing) and the environment with main target Transportation (Aeronautics, Automotive and Space) and other Industrial Sectors.The main research areas close to this project are:

– Functional materials and systems. Nanocomposites. Functional materials. Nano-structured Surfaces
– Structural materials for extreme conditions. Metal Matrix Composites (MMC). Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMC).
– Processing and treatment of nanomaterials: functional nanoparticles and multi-functional, multi-layered materials.
– New combinations for ice protection structures, fire resistance, EMC-EMI protection, resistance to erosion, lightning, etc.
– Advanced materials for sensors and actuators. Gas sensor. Filters. SHM
– Lightening / Light materials: Develop and optimize composite materials for next generation aerostructure design and the design of lighter functional parts for cars, ships and trains
– New joining processes for the integration of hybrid structures. Mechanical joining, linear friction welding and laser-beam welding of dissimilar materials
– Additive manufacturing and alternative process: Additive manufacturing. Micro-waves and RF.


  • Structural characterization:  Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) for identification of functional groups;
  • Raman Microscope and Renishaw probes for graphene quality analysis;
  • X-ray Diffraction (XRD) for material structural characterization of different number and size of graphene platelets;
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) for graphene morphology characterization, measure of size of the platelets and level of graphene dispersion;
  • Multimode Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) for graphene morphological characterization;
  • Optical Microscopy for graphene morphological characterization;
  • Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and physical/chemical measurement technologies for particle size and zeta potential measurements;
  • Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) for thermal analysis and thermal stability of graphene and chemical composition;
  • UV-Visible spectroscopy and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) for absorbance measurements of graphene dispersion;
  • UV-Visible-NIR spectrophotometer for characterization of optical density of graphene coatings;
  • Contact angle measurements and drop shape analysis for surface characterization (free energy by static contact angle, total surface tension (SFT), polar surface tension and dispersive components;
  • Profilometer  for surface roughness measurements of graphene coating;
  • Emision spectrometer for chemical composition analysis (quality control);
  • Rheological measurements for thixotropy and viscosity of graphene dispersions;
  • Porosimeter of mercury for pore size distribution, total pore volume and bulk and absolute densities measurements;
  • Probe measurement system (4-point and/or 2-point) for electrical conductivity measurement;
  • Hot disk thermal constants analyser for thermal conductivity measurements;
  • High shearing dissolver mixer to disperse (nano/micro particles) in fluids during procuction process;
  • Horizontal laboratory bead mill instrumentation for repeatable fine grinding for laboratory and pilot plant productions;
  • Roll mill instrumentation for particle dispersion;
  • UV_NIL Photolithography for design of nanotextured surfaces and nanostructured coating at micro and nano size (up to around 100nm);
  • Spin-spray coater for thin layer deposition on different substrates with the capacity of controlling the thickness of the layer;
  • Plasma etcher for Reactive-Ion Etching (RIE) for dry etching through chemically reactive plasma in order to remove material deposited on substrates;
  • Screen-printing for deposition of ink pastes on different substrates;
  • Precision fluid dispensers;
  • Inkjet printing of micro-nano inks on different substrates;
  • Powder Injection Moulding (PIM) machines for injection of thermoplastics;
  • Twin screw extruder for production of nano-reinforced thermoplastics in melted process (production range 10-60 kg/h; Temp. Máx: 450ºC);
  • Hot pressing instrumentation for curing and post-curing of thermoplastics and thermosets samples and use for preimpregnates with doped resin;
  • Thermal spray instrumentation for deposition of high density layers for wear and corrosion protection applications;
  • Electrospinning pilot plant for manufacturing of polimeric fibers, ceramics and composites with different geometries (Mesh, Ordered, Yarn) and functional properties to be used in fabrication of smart sensors & actuators or active materials (veils & filters);
  • Nanosafety Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SPMS) spectrometer for measurement of particle size distribution (Range 4-1000 nm);
  • Condensation Particle Counter (CPC) for measurement of airborne particles concentration (Range 4-1000 nm);
  • Electrical Low Pressure Impactor (ELPI) for measurement of airborne particle size distribution in real-time ( Range 10 nm-10 µm);